Diabetes means that
your blood sugar is too high. Your blood always has some sugar
in it because the body needs sugar for energy to keep you going.
But too much sugar in the blood is not good for your health. Your
body changes most of the food you eat into sugar. Your blood carries
the sugar to your body cells. The sugar needs insulin to get into
the body cells. Insulin is a chemical (a hormone) made in a part
of the body called the pancreas. The pancreas releases insulin
into the blood. Insulin helps the sugar from food get into body
cells. If your body doesn't make enough insulin or the insulin
doesn't work right, the sugar cannot get into the cells. It stays
in the blood. This makes your blood sugar level high, causing
you to have diabetes.
are the signs of diabetes?
The signs of diabetes
- being very thirsty
- urinating often
- feeling very hungry
- losing weight without
- having sores that
are slow to heal
- having dry, itchy
- losing feeling
in the feet or having tingling in the feet
- having blurry eyesight
type of diabetes do you have?
Type I: Some
people get diabetes as children or teenagers. They usually have
the kind of diabetes known as insulin-dependent diabetes.
This means they need daily insulin shots.
Type II: People
can get diabetes at any age. Most people get diabetes when they
are over 40 or 50 years old. They usually have the kind of diabetes
called noninsulin-dependent diabetes. People with noninsulin-dependent
diabetes follow a special diet and may take diabetes pills. However,
sometimes they need insulin shots.
information was provided by The
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.
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